Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis - the closest thing humans have to a real unicorn). The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain but excessive hunting reduced the natural habitat drastically. Today, about 3,000 rhinos live in the wild, 2,000 of which are found in India’s Assam alone.
Kaziranga Remains a Success Story, Despite Rising Poaching
One challenge facing any visitor to one of India’s tiger parks is actually seeing a tiger. Often, people leave without ever catching a glimpse.
For many years, the same problem existed for visitors who came to see the rhinoceroses at the Kaziranga National Park in the northeastern state of Assam. At the low point a century ago, there were only a dozen rhinos in the entire park.
But now, when visitors roam the park by jeep or by elephant safari, they can see rhinos almost everywhere. Whether they are wandering through the high grasses, or cooling themselves in the park’s wetlands, rhinos are now resurgent at Kaziranga, in what has become India’s most successful conservation effort, if one tempered by growing concerns about renewed threats from poaching.